Is your estate in order?

Is your estate in order?
Planning for your family after you are gone

Making sure you have a funeral plan that provides for a dignified burial may be the first step you take, but there is so much more to consider. These considerations must be stated in your last will and testament.

Funeral And Estate Planning

Planning for the future is the best gift you can give your family

We are all going to die one day. Although most of us avoid thinking about it, planning now for the scary, but inevitable event of your death will make things much easier on you and your family.

Making sure you have a funeral plan that provides for a dignified burial may be the first step you take, but there is so much more to consider. These considerations must be stated in your last will and testament.

Decide what happens after you die

This needs to cover what happens to you, and what happens to your assets, family and other people that will be impacted by your passing.

You must specify what happens to your property (both movable and immovable), and how guardianship of your minor children should be handled.

You must also name an executor, and it is their job to make sure that your wishes are carried out. Bear in mind that there is a lot that goes into winding up an estate, and an executor is entitled to charge a fee of 3.5% (where no other agreement is in place) on the value of assets on the estate and 6% on any income accrued and collected after your death. The executor is also entitled to charge VAT on their fees, if they are registered for VAT, or if the agent appointed to assist in administering the estate, is registered.

You must have your will witnessed. Our legal team can explain the requirements in detail and provide clients with a standard will.

What happens to you?

Do you want to be buried or cremated? Have you found a burial plot and is it booked and paid for? Do you want a memorial service? Does your estate have enough readily accessible cash to pay your funeral?

Many of us have specific ideas about what should happen to us after we have passed away, but since you won’t be around to make sure things are carried out the way you would have liked, you need to detail your wishes in your last will and testament.

If your assets are tied up in illiquid property (say a house that would take time to sell and turn into cash) you should consider a funeral policy to pay for the immediate costs related to your death and funeral.

What happens to your property?

You must nominate the beneficiaries of your estate. Generally South African law of succession applies the principle of 'freedom of testation' which allows you to do with your worldly belongings whatever you would like, as long as these actions are legal. There are exceptions that can affect this.

  • claims for the maintenance of dependants
  • claims by a surviving spouse (in terms of the provisions of the Maintenance of Surviving Spouses Act)
  • claims in terms of the accrual system created by the Matrimonial Property Act

What happens to your family?

Probably the most important consideration when drawing up a will is what happens to your minor children in the event of your death. Your will should specify guardianship for your children. A guardian will be making financial and personal decisions for your children when you cannot. Children have a right to claim maintenance from a deceased parent’s estate. Any maintenance order already in place will also be binding on the deceased estate.

A current spouse may have a maintenance claim against the deceased estate of their late husband/wife if the deceased spouse did not provide for his/her maintenance in the will.

An ex-spouse does not have a claim for maintenance against the deceased estate of their ex-husband/wife, except where the divorce order specifically states that the maintenance order is binding on the deceased estate. This would be included in the divorce order together with a provision that the order will terminate upon death or remarriage of the ex-spouse, whichever occurs first.

A joint last will and testament

If you are married it is advisable to setup a joint last will and testament. This will ensure that your estate is left to the surviving spouse, or in the event of a simultaneous death how your joint estate should be split amongst your nominated beneficiaries. You can use this template to setup your joint last will and testament.

Dying without a will

If you die without a will you are said to have died intestate. This can be very difficult and time consuming for your beneficiaries. Specifically problematic issues include:

  • Division of your estate amongst your spouse and children. In the case that there is no children, the spouse will get it all. In the case there is no spouse, it will be divided amongst the children.
  • If you have no surviving spouse or children, your estate generally goes to your parents.
  • If you also have no surviving parents, it goes to your brothers and sisters.
  • If the brothers and sisters are predeceased, it will go to their children.
  • If none of these can be tracked down it will extend further in the family and if no family can be found it will eventually go to the state (which never happens because somewhere, somehow there is a family member).

Due to the long process of tracing possible beneficiaries this can take years to conclude, so be kind to your family, and give them the the gift of a fully completed and witnessed last will and testament.

Professional advice

While it is fairly easy to setup your last will and testament yourself, it is always best to request professional advice from an expert in estate matters, such as a lawyer or financial adviser.

With Legal&Tax you’re not alone

Speak to a legal advisor to help you plan for the future by drafting a will and testament.

Contact us

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